Urban Farm Incubator Redefines ‘Roots’ in Memphis, Tennessee
June 12, 2014 | Marianne Peters
Bring up “roots” in Memphis, and you could be referring to the blend of bluegrass and gospel music for which the region is famous. In this case, however, Roots Memphis is an urban farm incubator located literally just around the corner from Graceland, Elvis Presley’s stately former residence. The Roots operation is dedicated to sustainable agricultural practices, and now includes three farms (one at the original site, two at other locations nearby), an agricultural training program for young farmers, and a for-profit CSA open to the community.
Mary Phillips is co-director, along with Wes Riddle. A former resident of Memphis, she returned in 2008 for a short time, not imagining that she would establish a home—much less a farm—in the city.
“But I fell in love with the people here,” she says.
Eventually, Phillips was asked by a community investor to develop an urban farm in the city. When she first visited the site Roots Memphis now occupies in the Whitehaven neighborhood, she says, it was an abandoned parking lot.
“This was definitely an under-invested area,” she says, “It had seen hard times recently, so it was not a scenic neighborhood.”
Now the half-acre urban lot contains a hoop house, raised beds, a barn, and a composting area. The CSA currently has thirty members, but Phillips expects to see it expand. One regular Roots customer is St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, where the chef’s mission is to get the healthiest food to children with already compromised immune systems.
“The St. Jude’s chef really lives his farm-to-table values,” says Phillips. “He sees sustainably grown food as good medicine.”
According to Phillips, the Whitehaven site was originally planned for food production, demonstration, and education. However, as Phillips and Riddle began to think about the city’s over-arching issues–poverty, brain drain and crime–they began to ask what it would take to activate these neglected neighborhoods with agricultural projects. Education seemed to be the answer.
Phillips and Riddle spent a year developing an urban agricultural training program, which they launched in July 2013. Many of the students enrolled with the Roots Memphis Farm Academy do not come from an agricultural background. Most are employed at other jobs, though they do receive some income through the CSA, which Phillips encourages them to use as a nest egg for future farm expenses. Phillips looks for particular characteristics in her apprentice farmers.
“Farming is hard work, and it’s heartbreaking. Things go wrong all the time. We try to find the people who are going to look at an impossible task and not be overwhelmed,” she says.
Students are given quarter-acre plots to work with, not only to learn how to grow crops, but how to effectively manage their farm businesses. Over the course of the non-profit two-year program, each of the students must create a business plan and meet his or her own benchmarks.
“We talk about being able to ‘sustain sustainability,'” says Phillips, who serves as the main instructor, along with other guest instructors. “There’s a triple bottom line to being a successful sustainable farmer: people, planet, and profit. We teach our students to look at farms as a business. Record-keeping and planning are key. You have to know what an appropriate cash flow looks like.”
Mary Phillips sees sustainable, profitable urban agriculture as the answer to the population’s flight from the core of “rust belt” cities like Memphis.
“The best thing to do for these cities is activate the dead space,” she says. “Urban ag is crucial to the rebirth of the main core. Cities are for people, and we need to bring food to where the people are.”